Solvent Extraction and Chemical Characterization of Papaya Seeds Oil
Jiveri B1*, Muoki A2 and Kwanyi M1
Department of Botany, Maseno University. P.O BOX 333-40105 Maseno, Kenya.
- Department of Institutional Management, Siaya institute of Technology, P.O BOX 1087-40600, Siaya, Kenya
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Year : 2018 , Volume : 4 , Issue : 4
Received: Nov 2018 / Accepted: Nov 2018/ Published: Dec 2018
ABSTRACT: Papaya (carica papaya L.) is a plant that grows wild in many parts of the tropics. The seeds of papaya fruits are generally discarded. However, in order to make a more efficient use of papaya, it is worth investigating the use of the seeds as a source of oil. A compound present in crushed papaya seeds is believed to have activity against helminthes intestinal parasites, benzyl isothiocynate has shown to have an effect on vascular contraction using a canine carotid artery in vitro model. The characteristic of seed oil was studied. Percent seed oil was recorded 30.1 and chemical composition of papaya seed was found to be protein (28.1%), Ash (8.2%), Crude fiber (19.1%) and total carbohydrate (25.6%). Papaya seed oil utilized in high amounts could lead to reduced risk of coronary heart disease. In addition, high oleic oil has sufficient stability to be used in demanding applications such as frying, bakery, crackers, cereal dried fruit, and spray oil for snacks. Papaya seed oil can be considered as high oleic and hence viewed as a healthy alternative to many other vegetable oils. Thus, it can be concluded that the seed can be utilized for extraction of oil which has various health benefits with respect to essential fatty acids. Mass production of the Oil will accelerate industrialization while promoting sustainable economic growth hence enhancing improved health and livelihood which is in line with the tenets of vision 2030 and the health-related Sustainable Development Goal.
Keywords: Carica papaya, intestinal parasites, seed oilDOI : https://doi.org/10.22573/spg.ijals.018.s12200092
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